• Characteristics of dyslexia and related disorders: Kindergarten & First Grade


    • Reading errors that show no connection to the sounds of the letters on the page—will say “puppy” instead of the written word “dog” on an illustrated page with a picture of a dog
    • Does not understand that words come apart
    • Complains about how hard reading is; “disappears” when it is time to read
    • A history of reading problems in parents or siblings
    • Cannot sound out even simple words like catmapnap
    • Does not associate letters with sounds, such as the letter b with the “b” sound


    • Curiosity
    • Great imagination
    • Ability to figure things out; gets the gist of things
    • Eager embrace of new ideas
    • A good understanding of new concepts
    • Surprising maturity
    • A larger vocabulary than typical for age group
    • Enjoys solving puzzles
    • Talent for building models
    • Excellent comprehension of stories read or told to him

    © Sally Shaywitz, Overcoming Dyslexia, pp. 122 – 123